ISIS is a BMW server platform for dealers. All updates are downloaded to the ISIS.
From there the ISIS updates ISID (diagnostics) tablets and ISSS (programming) if applicable.
The ISID runs an embedded windows xp OS.
Installed on the ISID is a program called ISTA-D (recent versions are codenamed ‘Rheingold’)
ISTA-D you can do all diagnostic functions, battery registrations etc etc. it also has wiring diagrams and guides on changing parts.
Some clever russians keep leaking the ISTA-D installer and it can easily be installed on any windows operating system. I can give you download links. They are around 10gb.
In ISTA-D you have a connection manager or how you wish to connect the computer to the odb port.
The common ones are:
ICOM is BMW official cable, its predocessor was an OPPS unit. An ICOM is more than just a cable however, it has its own network adapter, mac address, cpu, cooling etc etc. Originals are expensive but you can get cheap chinese clones for around $350 USD.
EDIABAS is a communication protocal which requires you to have BMW Standard Tools installed aswell – which isnt a bad thing! This utilises comport access amongst other connection methods and is configured by an ini file. Most people use this method of connection as its cheap, you can get a K+DCAN cable for under $50 USD now. Just do your research first as there ar bad clones about!
OMITEC is also an original USB interface. These are very rare. K+DCAN cable are copies of the OMITEC cable.